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精品推荐:青铜爵杯

2020-05-29 16:26:08

来源:未知  

此藏品为战国时期青铜爵杯。此器为青铜材质,造型端庄大方,其口沿外撇,前尖后翘,两侧有对称的立柱,圆腹略深,饰以云霜纹,腹部一侧还有一环形把手,下承三棱形外撇高足。爵杯是古代礼器和饮酒器具,盛行于战国时期。

This collection is a bronze cup of the Warring States Period. It is made of bronze and has a dignified and generous shape. Its mouth is skinned along the outside, its front tip is warped back and forth. There are symmetrical columns on both sides. Its round belly is slightly deep. It is decorated with cloud and frost pattern. On one side of the abdomen, there is a ring handle, which bears a triangular outer skinned foot. The cup is an ancient ritual and drinking utensil, prevalent in the Warring States Period.

提起青铜器,对于许多藏家来说似乎还处于“遥不可及”的状态。事实上,在2014年秋拍时,内地已经有了“青铜器上拍”的先例。2014年11月举槌的秋拍,曾经推出了“吉金吉象”的青铜金银专场,其中就包括了5件带铭文的青铜重器。在2015年,推出青铜器专场取得了100%的成交佳绩,总成交额为5620万元。其中,一件“西周晚期青铜凤鸟耳尊”以1092.5万元成交。毫无疑问,艺术品拍卖市场已经进入了“青铜时代”。

The mention of bronzes seems to be "out of reach" for many Tibetans. In fact, when it was filmed in the autumn of 2014, the mainland already had a precedent of "shooting on bronze ware". In November 2014, the autumn shoot of hammer lifting launched the bronze gold and silver special show of "Jijin Jixiang", which included five bronze heavy wares with inscriptions. In 2015, the launch of bronze special exhibition achieved 100% success, with a total turnover of 56.2 million yuan. Among them, a bronze Phoenix bird ear respect in the late Western Zhou Dynasty was traded for 10.925 million yuan. There is no doubt that the art auction market has entered the "Bronze Age".

“青铜爵杯”,此器为青铜材质,造型端庄大方,其口沿外撇,前尖后翘,两侧有对称的立柱,圆腹略深,饰以云霜纹,腹部一侧还有一环形把手,下承三棱形外撇高足。爵杯是古代礼器和饮酒器具,盛行于夏商周时期。如今遗留的青铜器收藏价值极高。

"Bronze cup", which is made of bronze, has a dignified and generous shape. Its mouth is thrown along the outside, its front tip and back tilt, symmetrical columns on both sides, a slightly deep round belly, decorated with cloud frost pattern, and a ring handle on one side of the abdomen, underpinning the triangular outer skimming feet. Jue Cup is an ancient ritual and drinking utensil, prevalent in the Xia, Shang and Zhou Dynasties. Today's collection of bronze remains is of great value.

中国古代青铜器源远流长,绚丽璀灿,有着永恒的历史价值与艺术价值。传世和近年发现的大量青铜器表明,青铜器自身有着一个完整的发展演变系统。自夏、商、周至秦、汉的整个青铜器发展史,大约可以分为十三期:即夏为二里头文化期,商、西周、春秋各为早、中、晚三期,战国分作早期和中、晚二期。秦、汉为青铜器发展史的余辉。而青铜器在各期的特征又有不同的变化,其间最辉煌的当为青铜器“爵”。而透过爵的发展可以看到中国青铜器各个时代的不同特点。可以说,爵是青铜器中不可或缺的一簇奇葩。

Ancient Chinese bronze ware has a long history, brilliant, has eternal historical and artistic value. A large number of bronzes found in recent years and handed down from generation to generation show that bronzes themselves have a complete system of development and evolution. The whole history of bronze ware development from Xia, Shang, Zhou to Qin and Han Dynasty can be divided into 13 periods: Xia is Erlitou Culture Period, Shang, Western Zhou, Spring and Autumn are early, middle and late respectively, and Warring States is divided into early, middle and late periods. Qin and Han Dynasties are the afterglow of the development history of bronzes. The characteristics of bronze wares vary in different periods, and the most brilliant one is the bronze wares "jue". Through the development of Jue, we can see the different characteristics of Chinese bronzes in different times. It can be said that the noble is an indispensable group of exotic flowers in bronze wares.

爵,饮酒器和礼器。流行于夏商周时期,作用相当于酒杯。圆腹,也有个别方腹,一侧的口部前端有流(即倒酒的流槽),后部有尖状尾,流与口之间有立柱,腹部一旁有把手,下有三个锥状长足。夏代爵胎体轻薄,制作粗糙;椭圆形器身,流长而狭,短尾,流口间多不设柱,平底,一般没有铭文和花纹,偶见有连珠纹者。商早期流与口之间开始出现短柱,下腹部中空;有的透镂有圆孔,以便温酒加火时透风。商中期后,爵演变为圆身,圆底,流口增高,多设一柱或二柱,柱身加长并向后移,三足粗实且棱角分明,器身加厚。商晚期至西周早期爵体厚重,制作精美;爵身饰有饕餮、云雷、蕉叶等精美的纹饰,上端和柱上也饰有动物形象。有少数无柱而带盖的爵,盖铸成兽首形。西周前期还有一种器表铸有扉棱的爵,往往以云雷纹作底,饰有两层或三层花纹,纹饰繁而精美。西周后期,爵逐渐消失。

Sir, drinking utensils and ceremonial utensils. Popular in Xia, Shang and Zhou dynasties, the role is equivalent to wine cups. Round belly, there are individual quadrate belly, one side of the mouth front end of the flow (that is, pour wine flow trough), the rear has a pointed tail, flow and mouth between the column, abdomen side has a handle, under three conical feet. In Xia Dynasty, the body of the noble was light and rough, and the oval body was long and narrow, with short tail. There were no pillars and flat bottoms between the mouths. Generally, there were no inscriptions and patterns, and occasionally there were Pearl patterns. In the early Shang Dynasty, short columns appeared between the flow and the mouth, hollow in the lower abdomen, and some were carved with round holes to allow ventilation when warming wine and adding fire. After the mid-Shang Dynasty, the Baron evolved into a round body, with a round bottom and an increase in the flow orifice. A column or two columns were set up. The column body was lengthened and moved backwards. The tripod was thick and angular, and the body was thicker. From the late Shang Dynasty to the early Western Zhou Dynasty, the noble body was thick and exquisitely made. The noble body was decorated with exquisite decorations such as gluttony, cloud thunder, banana leaves, and animal images were also decorated on the top and pillars. There are a few barons without pillars and with caps cast into animal heads. In the early Western Zhou Dynasty, there was also a kind of knight with a heart edge cast on the surface, often with cloud and thunder pattern as the bottom, decorated with two or three layers of patterns, which were complex and exquisite. In the late Western Zhou Dynasty, the Jue gradually disappeared.

 

 

 

 

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